Dei Templum oblatum Deo est in templo. Iconographical approach to The Presentation of Mary in Italian Trecento painting

José María Salvador González

Abstract


This paper emphasizes, first of all, that the alleged episode of the Presentation of the Virgin Mary at the temple, forged by some apocryphal fables, had a remarkable success in the medieval Christian art, as evidenced by the eleven images of the Italian Trecento art that we analyzed here. Secondly, however, our essay seeks to highlight that the intellectual or manual authors of these eleven artworks assume with great freedom the apocryphal sources that inspire them, to the point of daring to correct or even contradict them in some important details.

1. Sources

Álvarez Campos, Sergio (ed.), Corpus Marianum Patristicum (Continens omnia alicuius momenti de Beata Maria Virgine documenta quae reperiri potuerunt in scriptoribus septem primorum saeculorum. Collegit ex novissimis editionibus et digessit Sergius Alvarez Campos), Burgos, Ediciones Aldecoa, 1970-1981, 7 vols.

Evangelio del Pseudo Mateo. Texto bilingüe latín/castellano. En Santos Otero 2006: 173-236.

Juan de Eubea (Joannis Eubæensis), Sermo in Conceptionem Sanctae Deiparae. PG 96: 1451-1499.

Libro de la Natividad de María. Texto bilingüe latín/castellano. En Santos Otero 2006: 238-252.

Migne, Jacques-Paul (ed.), Patrologiae Cursus Completus, Series Graeca, Paris, Garnier, 1857-1867, 166 vols. (Esta colección de patrística griega está citada con la abreviatura PG)

Protoevangelio de Santiago. Texto bilingüe griego/castellano. En Santos Otero 2006: 130-170.

Romano el Meloda, Santo (Romanus Cantor), Hymnus 35. En Álvarez Campos 1979, vol. IV/2: 116-117.

Santos Otero, Aurelio de, Los Evangelios Apócrifos (Colección de textos griegos y latinos, versión crítica, estudios introductorios y comentarios por Aurelio de Santos Otero), Salamanca, La Editorial Católica, Col. Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 148, 2006, 705 p.

Theotecnus, Encomium Assumptionis sanctae Deiparae. En Alvarez Campos 1979, vol. IV/2: 371.

Vita Virginis. Fragmentum I. En Alvarez Campos 1981, vol. V: 231-235.

Vita Virginis. Fragmentum II A. En Ibidem: 235-236.

2. Bibliography

Barasch, Moshe, Giotto and the language of gesture, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, Coll. Cambridge Studies in the History of Art, 1987, 196 p.

Basile, Giuseppe (ed.), Giotto. La Cappella degli Scrovegni, Milano, Electa, 1992, 388 p.

Battisti, Eugenio, Giotto, Genève, Skira, 1990, 121 p.

Fremantle, Richard, Florentine Gothic Painters. From Giotto to Masaccio. A guide to painting in and near Florence 1300 to 1450, London, Martin Secker and Warburg, 1975, 665 p. + 40 pl.

Hills, Paul, The light of early Italian painting, New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 1987, 160 p.

Lafontaine-Dosogne, Jacqueline, Iconographie de l'enfance de la Vierge dans l'Empire Byzantin et en Occident, Bruxelles, Académie Royale de Belgique, 1964-1965, 2 vols.

Löw, Giuseppe, “Presentazione di Maria S.ma, Festa della”, Enciclopedia Cattolica, Città del Vaticano, Ente per l’Enciclopedia Cattolica e per il Libro Cattolico, Tomo IX, 1952, col. 1966-1967.

Maginnis, Hayden B.J., Painting in the age of Giotto. A historical revaluation, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997, 217 p. + ill., s.p.

Poeschke, Joachim, Fresques italiennes du temps de Giotto, 1280-1400, Paris, Citadelles & Mazenod, 2003, 455 p.

Salvador González, José María, “La Presentación de María en el Templo en la pintura italiana bajomedieval. Análisis de cinco casos”, Espéculo. Revista Electrónica de Estudios Literarios, nº 44, Madrid, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, marzo-junio 2010, Madrid.

Salvador González, José María, Ancilla et Regina. Aproximaciones a la iconografía mariana en la Edad Media, Saarbrücken, Editorial Académica Española, 2012, 236 p. (Capítulo 2: “La presentación de María al templo”, pp. 41-68).

Stubblebine, James H., Giotto. The Arena Chapel frescoes, London, Thames and Hudson, 1969, 218 p.

VV.AA., Enciclopedia Cattolica, Città del Vaticano, Ente per l’Enciclopedia Cattolica e per il Libro Cattolico, 1948-1954, 12 vols.

 

 


Keywords


Medieval iconography; apocrypha; mariology; Presentation of Mary at the temple; Italian Trecento painting.

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